Legal issues, complications, implications, prospects and solutions article pdf available january 2014 with,366 reads how we measure reads. Types of marriage in nigeria basically, there are two types of marriage recognizable under nigeria law. Seventeen days into the marriage, wasila was accused of murdering umar and three of his friends by food poisoning, at her own wedding party. The study focuses on traditional marriage and family patterns in nigeria and consequences of change for nigeria. This does not mean that senators voted to legalise child marriage in nigeria. Marriage and family systems in nigeria onigu otite university of ibadan international journal of sociology of the family 1991, vol. The marriage law in nigeria falls into the last two categories.
This important document states that the only type of marriage allowed in nigeria must be between people who are at least 18 years old. However, under customary law marriage is defined as the union of one man and his wife or wives. This position dramatically changed when nigeria became an independent state and the constitution became the basic and fundamental law of nigeria. Controversy in nigeria over minimum age of marriage girls. Types of marriage meaning and types of marriage marriage is one of the universal social institutions established and nourished by human society. Types or forms of marriage in different communities, societies and cultural groups differ according to their customs, practices and systems of thought. The customary and statutory law of marriage in nigeria. Having firmly and solemnly resolve, to live in unity and harmony as one indivisible and indissoluble sovereign nation under god, dedicated to the promotion of interafrican.
Marriage act 4 years ago admin laws and acts governing the system. The contentious clause has been part of the constitution since 1979, and its scope has always been limited to the question of renunciation of citizenship. The first is marriage conducted under the marriage act which is monogamous in nature. House of representatives human rights commissions human rights commission. Some people are rich and many are desperately poor. Each marriage creates an alliance between or within kinship groups, and the children of the union will inherit property, rights, and responsibilities from their kin. Jan 01, 2016 traditional marriage in urhobo the traditional marriage of the urhobo people is so unique that if people have a tribe to single out as one that have aone in all marriage arrangements, urhobo is there to be picked. Broadly speaking there are 2 types of marriage in nigeria, there is marriage under the act and.
Aug 28, 2015 the matrimonial causes act created a window into the chance for a life of quality as against being trapped in a mental andor physical hell of an abusive marriage for nigerian women. Nigerian law envisages 3 types of marriages namely. Law of marriage act 1971 which constitutes a fairly convincing attempt to unify different marriage systems. The causes, consequences and solutions to forced child. Trends in marriage and divorce figure 1 lays out some facts about marriage and divorce in the united states over the last 150 years. Traditional marriage in urhobo the traditional marriage of the urhobo people is so unique that if people have a tribe to single out as one that have aone in all marriage arrangements, urhobo is there to be picked. For instance, infidelity, infertility, laziness and unhygienic behaviours are some of the major causes of divorce in many societies and women with these attributes are usually returned to their parents. It is divided into 36 states, with entirely different languages from the other and that is why it is. Marriage and family are two aspects of the same social reality i. The type, functions, and characteristics of marriage vary from culture to culture, and can change over time. Hyde 1 as, the voluntary union for life of and woman to the exclusion of others. Like family, marriage is another important social institution.
Marriage is one of the most ancient, important, universal and indispensable social. Types of marriage in nigeria, their process and implications nov 22, 2017 6 comments this article on types of marriages and wedding ceremonies in nigeria will answer some questions that arise when planning a wedding in nigeria as regard what type of ceremonies to have, their implications and whats necessary and whats optional. By section 301 of the marriage act, every registrar of marriage is obliged to keep in his office a marriage register book in which every certificate of marriage filed in his office shall be registered. Marriage under the act is a voluntary union between a man and a woman to the exclusion of others. The registrar of marriage upon receiving such certificate files it.
Cohabitation, marriage and remarriage patterns in africa. In nigeria, marriage is perceived as the union for life though subject to divorce between a man and a woman, in the case of statutory marriage. The study identifies directions of change, rate of change, and the causes of change in marriage and the family. Broadly speaking there are 2 types of marriage in nigeria, there is marriage under the act and traditionalcustomary marriage. Marriage is the process by which two people make their relationship public, official, and permanent. Marriage also known as matrimony is the socially recognized union between two individuals. Major types of marriage in nigeria updated 2019 legit. It is the joining of both the man and woman, or the legally or formally recognized union of a man and a woman as partners in a relationship. There are several methods of proving a statutory marriage. Caveat may be entered against issue of certificate. Some types of marriage occur as a result of decisions made by one or both involved parties good as well as bad decisions. Thomas hylland eriksen very rightly says that marriage isessential for human survival.
Demographic and health surveys standard recode files, weighted data. The study identifies directions of change, rate of change, and the causes of. Marriage to take place within three months after date of notice. Traditionalcustomary marriage is a wedding ceremony that has been conducted in accordance with the customs of the bride and grooms families. This was probably the case with many european arranged marriages of the past and with the great majority of traditional arranged african marriages. Important facts about marriage and divorce in nigeria. Marriage in nigeria across ages papers in the ssrn. The second is however, marriage contracted under native law and custom which does not exclude marriage under islamic law5 which is polygamous in nature. This type of marriage is obligatory because it ensures the security of each partner and their children.
As a universal social institution marriage is found to exist in all societies and at all stages of development. Types of marriage, meaning and types of marriage, forms of. During this wedding, the couple legitimizes their relationship under the marriage act of nigeria with a marriage certificate. Nov 22, 2017 types of marriage in nigeria, their process and implications nov 22, 2017 6 comments this article on types of marriages and wedding ceremonies in nigeria will answer some questions that arise when planning a wedding in nigeria as regard what type of ceremonies to have, their implications and whats necessary and whats optional. In fact we are here because our parents got married to each other. This is as a result of the different geopolitical zones embedded in the country. Notice to be entered in marriage notice book and published. List of traditional marriage requirements from different part of nigeria yoruba and igbo on 10242017 02262020 by chomskyweb in informative post a yoruba man pursues his traditional yoruba woman by direct approach or by approaching member of the brides family or any other way they deemed fit. Indigenous marriage institutions and divorce in nigeria 166 obtains in one society, to a large extent influences that in another society 3,4. The marriage, however, would be valid if the person concerned, despite the fear, decided in fact to accept the marriage and so gives true personal marital consent. Nigeria has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5. Wasila, 14, was given out in marriage to umar sani, 35, in gezawa, outside the northern city of kano in april, 2014. What is the pattern of registration of muslim marriages in nigeria. Traditional marriage in nigeria, see all the tribes.
Many agents of nigeria s press have been imprisoned, exiled, tortured, or murdered as a result, among them being ogoni activist and television producer ken sarowiwa, who was executed for treason by order of the sani abacha dictatorship in 1995 resulting in the expulsion of nigeria from the commonwealth of nations and sanctions from abroad. The the causes, consequences and solutions to causes, consequences and solutions tocauses, consequences and solutions to forced forced forced child marriage child marriage child marriage in the developing worldin the developing world testimony submitted to u. Marriage is a universal institution which is recognized and respected all over the world. If we can visualize african marriage as a logical extension of elders investment in the young, then it. As a result of nigerias historical circumstances, nigerias legal system is part of the common law system. List of traditional marriage requirements from different part. Religious wedding as one of the four forms of marriage in nigeria can be divided into subforms depending on the type of religion. And, among the higi and bulai of northern nigeria, and some groups of the jos plateau region of nigeria. The various marriage types below are all examples of different marriage situations you could possibly find in africa. Up to twenty different forms of marriages have been known to exist in nigeria. Pdf the institution of the family, marriage, kinship and. The first ordinance dealing with marriage was enacted in nigeria in 18633. As a social institution, marriage is founded on, and governed by laws, social and religious norms of society. Any attempt to change this protection would be a radical change in the meaning of marriage the foundation stone of society in the document that expresses the foundational values of the irish state.
We wear different clothes and have different ideas of beauty. When caveat entered question to be referred to court. Unfortunately, it is the reality of the world we live in that some couples after getting married will decide for whatever reason that they do not want to carry on with their marriage and want a. However, in nigeria, marriage remains a union of two consenting adults male and female but largely with the express support and approval of the immediate families of the individuals involved in. Forms and dynamics of marriage relationships and the. It is closely connected to the institution of family. Africa is home to innumerable tribes, ethnic and social groups, some representing very large populations consisting of millions of people, others are smaller groups of a few thousand. Read this article to get information on marriage, its characteristics and types.
Divorce is the termination of a marital union, the cancelling andor reorganizing of the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage, thus dissolving the bonds of matrimony between a married couple under the rule of law of the particular country andor state. Pdf from immemorial, marriage has been regarded as the union of a man and a. Different types of marriage exist in the nigeria today. In most cultural groups in nigeria, traditional marriage is usually an arrangement between two families as opposed to an arrangement between two individuals. Usually, the bride price can be some payment or gift, in money, brass rods, natural produce, cowries or anything the family prefers. Oct 24, 2017 list of traditional marriage requirements from different part of nigeriayoruba and igbo on 10242017 02262020 by chomskyweb in informative post a yoruba man pursues his traditional yoruba woman by direct approach or by approaching member of the brides family or any other way they deemed fit. Basically, the payment of the bride price is an essential part of a valid customary law marriage in nigeria. A religious viewpoint introduction africa is one continent with several worlds.
In many parts of the world parents encourage the marriage of their daughters while they are still children in hopes that the marriage will benefit them both financially and socially, while also. Many of us believe in one god, 1 others believe in many, and still others believe in none. A statutory marriage is contracted in a customary court. The institution of marriage, quite like that of the family, is universal. One finds statutory law, based on english law, and largely taken over from colonial times with few important changes. Grounds for divorce in nigeria divorce in nigeria is not always a fun topic. Traditional marriage in nigeria involves four main parts namely, 1 introduction, 2 family requirement, 3 taking a date and 4 bride price payment and handing over of the bride.
The law has led to an increase in extortion and violence. Marriage, on which the family is founded, and to protect it against attack art. An appraisal of types of marriage in nigeria and procedure for. In nigeria there are two types of marriage, they are satutory marriage and customary marriage you have to determine which marriage yours falls under as there is no such thing as religious marriage regonized under the nigerian law. In africa the institution of marriage varies as widely as the many thousands of ethnic groups and cultures. Marriage traditions is one of such culturally resplendent practices and jumia travel, the leading online travel agency, shares 5 interesting nigerian marriage traditions to know. Introduction in nigeria the law of marriage and divorce is characterized by a distinctive legal pluralism.
List of traditional marriage requirements from different. Introduction marriage before the age of 18 is a reality for many young women. Controversy in nigeria over minimum age of marriage. Time is sure to legitimize this new form of marriage in nigeria putting into consideration the existence, at present, of homosexual associations in the country. The age of marriage under customary law is governed in the three eastern states of nigeria by the age of marriage law 1956. An attempt is made to point out that recent changes in the status of. The above definition relates to marriage under the act 2 however, under customary law marriage is defined as the union of one man and his wife or wives. Types of marriage in nigeria, their process and implications. Petition for dissolution of marriage where there is presumption of death of a spouse. History of marriage and its laws in nigeria nigeria was a colony of great britain. Oct 20, 2016 nigerias same sex marriage prohibition act, 20 has made a bad situation much worse for nigerias beleaguered lgbt community.
Introduction during the introduction visit, the suitor and his family openly inform the family of the wouldbe wife of their intention or purpose of coming to. Most of the languages nigerian speakers are found in benue, taraba. The above definition relates to marriage under the act 2. Women are important because it is they who procreate children. According to gillin and gillin, marriage is a socially approved way of establishing a family of procreation. Any attempt to change this protection would be a radical change in the meaning of marriage the foundation stone of society in the document that expresses the. Forms and dynamics of marriage relationships and the sexual. The emerging new family type is a creation of same sex marriages.1580 613 1288 1293 95 713 1090 900 414 37 1535 487 1477 354 936 817 625 998 374 539 1537 1273 521 1564 1580 849 1309 652 976 439 1268 193 1222 813 1250 462 1027 994 693 610 1052 1492 1033 319 188